Source and full article In February 2012, the US Department of Health and Human Services added another layer of review for grant proposals involving GOF research, but only for H5N1; this was extended to H7N9 in August 2013. The research community became deeply polarized …

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Source and full article The government has said that it would stockpile the antiviral drug oseltamivir (marketed by Roche as Tamiflu) again, despite large amounts of previously bought supplies being written off and questions raised by experts over its effectiveness, MPs have been told.

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Source and full article Our theory of bridge communities may help guide prevention and explain historical emergence events, where disruption of stable economic, political or demographic processes reduced population viscosity at ecological interfaces.

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Source and full article The molecular basis of adaptation and pathogenicity of H9N2 influenza virus in mammals is largely unknown. Here we show that a mouse-adapted PB2 gene with a phenylalanine-to-leucine mutation (F404L) mainly contributes to the enhanced polymerase activity, replication, and pathogenicity of H9N2 in mice,

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Source and full article Virus isolates from patients in the same cluster shared high sequence similarities. In conclusion, although continually evolving the currently circulating H7N9 viruses in Guangdong province have not yet demonstrated the capacity for efficient and sustained person-to-person transmission.

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Source and full article Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria. Our profligate and imprudent use of antibiotics has led to the emergence and spread of bacteria that resist their effect. MRSA, XTB and a gamut of other resistant infections are widespread and kill many thousands each …

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Source and full article Particularly, the short- and long-term implications on export, that is, indirect consequential costs (ICC) and aftermath costs of these strategies, should be analysed further.

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Source and full article It was concluded that the model creates economically relevant, adequate and credible output for subsequent use in economic analysis. A detailed economic analysis is presented in a subsequent article.

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Source and full article Dissimilar HA subtypes tended to have different temporal occurrence within seasons, where the subtypes that dominated in early autumn were rare in late autumn, and vice versa. This suggests that build-up of herd immunity affected IAV dynamics in this system.

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Source and full article Observational data arising from treatment of severely ill individuals support use of these drugs early in illness and show improvement in outcomes associated with drug use.

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White House halts research into ‘super strains’ of infectious diseases – The Verge

October 22, 2014

Source and full article The White House has halted research examining how diseases like influenza, MRSA, and SARS can be more easily transmitted among animals, citing safety concerns. The US will not fund any new research and is encouraging those with existing research to …

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Impact of time-to-treatment of Oseltamivir on influenza hospitalization costs among Korean children.

October 21, 2014

Source and full article Delayed onset of oseltamivir was found to be associated with increased treatment-related hospital charges among children hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza.

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Review: Neuraminidase inhibitors reduce symptomatic influenza; oseltamivir does not reduce hospitalizations.

October 21, 2014

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Evaluating a surveillance system: live-bird market surveillance for highly pathogenic avian influenza, a case study.

October 21, 2014

Source and full article The system is useful, flexible, complex and not timely, but appears to be meeting its objectives. The isolation of HPAI H5N1 virus in some of these markets is an indication that the markets are possible reservoirs of the virus in Nigeria.

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[Who is the guardian of our own health?: individual and social responsability for health].

October 21, 2014

Source and full article In this article, I argue that social responsibility for the health of the population prevails even if morally can and must empower people about their health.

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Childhood narcolepsy with cataplexy: comparison between post-H1N1 vaccination and sporadic cases.

October 21, 2014

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Childhood narcolepsy and H1N1 vaccination: stirring up a sleeping menace?

October 21, 2014

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Avian Influenza Virus (H11N9) in Migratory Shorebirds Wintering in the Amazon Region, Brazil.

October 21, 2014

Source and full article All positive samples originated from a single bird species, the ruddy turnstone (Arenaria interpres), that was caught in the Amazon region at Caeté Bay, Northeast Pará, at Ilha de Canelas. To our knowledge, this is the first isolation of H11N9 in the ruddy turnstone in South America.

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Should We Allow Scientists To Create Dangerous Super-Viruses? – Forbes

October 21, 2014

Source and full article I wrote about this last year, after a group led by Ron Fouchier at Erasmus Medical Center in the Netherlands and Yoshihiro Kawaoka of the University of Wisconsin announced, in a letter to Nature, that they were going to turn the H7N9 influenza virus …

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Exercise Lavender ensures AFCD is prepared for avian influenza outbreak

October 21, 2014

Source and full article The Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) conducted a field simulation exercise today (October 20) to review the department’s preparedness in case a poultry culling operation is required in response to an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Hong Kong.

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